- The Japanese Yen falls against a stronger US Dollar on Tuesday.
- USD outperforms JPY after hawkish commentary from Fed President Kashkari.
- Indecision over direction of interest rates in both US and Japan is reflected in USD/JPY’s range bound yo-yo-ing.
The Japanese Yen (JPY) trades in a range against the US Dollar (USD) on Tuesday after the Minneapolis Federal Reserve President Neel Kashkari was reported as saying he believed the Fed had more work to do to bring down inflation. His comments helped lift the US Dollar.
Daily digest market movers: Yen falls on Fed uncertainty
- The Yen continues falling against the US Dollar after an article in the Wall Street Journal on Monday quoted Fed’s Kashkari as saying more work needed to be done to bring down inflation.
- His view goes against the grain. The widespread market opinion is that the Fed is done with raising interest rates.
- In contrast, comments from Federal Reserve Governor Lisa Cook on the same day suggested the Fed would not be rushing to hike interest rates.
- Cook argued the rise in longer-term US Treasury yields was not a result of investors pricing in a belief that the Fed would continue raising interest rates, according to Reuters.
- By suggesting the rise in yields was not driven by investor expectations, Cook implied there was no pressure on the Fed to follow through – thus, her comments were taken as dovish.
- The BoJ also gave mixed signals at its last policy meeting: whilst the board of governors made a step towards normalizing policy by relaxing the 1.0% artificial cap it had imposed on 10-year Japanese Government Bond (JGB) yields – essentially a form of quantitative easing – Bank of Japan Governor Kazuo Ueda played down expectations of rate hikes.
- In fact, Governor Ueda stated that most of the inflation in Japan was from higher commodity prices rather than increased demand, suggesting the BoJ would need to continue to keep monetary policy accommodative to support the economy.
- Further, according to Reuters, despite saying it had softened the yield cap, the BoJ actually intervened to defend it on October 31, suggesting the bank’s actions don’t match its words and de facto easing is still in place.
- “Ueda signaled that the prospect of negative rates being reversed this year was very low,” said James Harte, analyst at Tickmill Group, in a note, reported by Barron’s.
- Japanese data out on Monday evening continued to paint a picture of a tight economy not advantageous to the Yen.
- Labour Cash Earnings for September rose by 1.2% YoY, which was above the 1.0% forecast, and 1.1% previous.
- However, Household Spending in the same month showed a deeper-than-expected 2.8% contraction versus the -2.7% change YoY estimated and -2.5% previous.
- The next key event for the pair is Jerome Powell’s speech at 13:15 on November 8.
Japanese Yen technical analysis: USD/JPY climbs back up to kiss the channel line
USD/JPY – the number of Yen that one Dollar buys – continues higher on Tuesday. The recovery means the short-term trend is starting to look range bound, with price sandwiched between the 151.70 highs of October 30 and the key 148.80 lows. As such it will probably continue yo-yoing until a break through on either side confirms directionality.
US Dollar vs Japanese Yen: 4-hour Chart
During Tuesday’s action, the pair has returned to the lower channel line of the rising channel it has been in since the summer. It is now meeting resistance at the channel line where it once met support. There are no signs of a reversal back down yet however.
US Dollar vs Japanese Yen: Daily Chart
On the daily chart used to assess the medium-term outlook, the pair is still in an uptrend. On this chart too, the 148.80 low holds the key. Ultimately, as the saying goes, the “trend is your friend” and as long as 148.80 remains intact the medium-term trend remains firmly bullish.
If the 151.93 level from October 2022 – which marked a 32-year-high – is breached, the uptrend will gain reconfirmation, with next targets expected to be met at the round numbers – 153.00, 154.00, 155.00 etc.
German economy FAQs
The German economy has a significant impact on the Euro due to its status as the largest economy within the Eurozone. Germany’s economic performance, its GDP, employment, and inflation, can greatly influence the overall stability and confidence in the Euro. As Germany’s economy strengthens, it can bolster the Euro’s value, while the opposite is true if it weakens. Overall, the German economy plays a crucial role in shaping the Euro’s strength and perception in global markets.
Germany is the largest economy in the Eurozone and therefore an influential actor in the region. During the Eurozone sovereign debt crisis in 2009-12, Germany was pivotal in setting up various stability funds to bail out debtor countries. It took a leadership role in the implementation of the ‘Fiscal Compact’ following the crisis – a set of more stringent rules to manage member states’ finances and punish ‘debt sinners’. Germany spearheaded a culture of ‘Financial Stability’ and the German economic model has been widely used as a blueprint for economic growth by fellow Eurozone members.
Bunds are bonds issued by the German government. Like all bonds they pay holders a regular interest payment, or coupon, followed by the full value of the loan, or principal, at maturity. Because Germany has the largest economy in the Eurozone, Bunds are used as a benchmark for other European government bonds. Long-term Bunds are viewed as a solid, risk-free investment as they are backed by the full faith and credit of the German nation. For this reason they are treated as a safe-haven by investors – gaining in value in times of crisis, whilst falling during periods of prosperity.
German Bund Yields measure the annual return an investor can expect from holding German government bonds, or Bunds. Like other bonds, Bunds pay holders interest at regular intervals, called the ‘coupon’, followed by the full value of the bond at maturity. Whilst the coupon is fixed, the Yield varies as it takes into account changes in the bond’s price, and it is therefore considered a more accurate reflection of return. A decline in the bund’s price raises the coupon as a percentage of the loan, resulting in a higher Yield and vice versa for a rise. This explains why Bund Yields move inversely to prices.
The Bundesbank is the central bank of Germany. It plays a key role in implementing monetary policy within Germany, and central banks in the region more broadly. Its goal is price stability, or keeping inflation low and predictable. It is responsible for ensuring the smooth operation of payment systems in Germany and participates in the oversight of financial institutions. The Bundesbank has a reputation for being conservative, prioritizing the fight against inflation over economic growth. It has been influential in the setup and policy of the European Central Bank (ECB).